Shu, in Egyptian religion, god of the air and supporter of the sky, created by Atum by his own power, without the aid of a woman. Shu and Tefnut had two children as well. At some point she appears to have married a very obscure God named Tefen, of whom nothing is known whatsoever. For at the top of the universal order stood a goddess, a teenage girl goddess who was often represented as a pair of twins, Ma'at. After the initial greeting, where she appeared to me in human form as a woman with curly brown hair, I have no conscious recollection of the wisdom she imparted on me. it can be assumed that Tefnut may have been r… She was sometimes shown helping Shu to hold Nut (the sky) above Geb (the earth). Cookies that are necessary to enable my site to function. [8], Tefnut is a leonine deity, and appears as human with a lioness head when depicted as part of the Great Ennead of Heliopolis. Egypt. She was the daughter of Shu, god of vital breath, and his wife Tefnut, goddess of heat. Tefnut (Tefenet, Tefnet) was the lunar goddess of moisture, humidity and water who was also a solar goddess connected with the sun and dryness (more specifically, the absence of moisture). tfnt "that water") is a lion-like Wesen first mentioned in "Once We Were Gods". And thus he went from one god to Three. Geb and his sister Nut were born intertwined and resisted all efforts to separate them. Nowadays she drifts around making dew and keeps everything fresh. She's the sister and consort of Shu, the mother of Geb and Nut, the grandmother of Usir, Aset, Set, and Nebthet, and the great grandmother of Hor and Inpu. Egypt. Alongside her father, brother, children, grandchildren, and great-grandchild, she is a member of the Ennead of Heliopolis. Maat ruled over all the gods in Egypt... "But this hierarchy of gods with the sun-god at the top doesn't quite match the picture exactly. According to legend, Shu and Tefnut went out into the waters of Nun (chaos). tfnt "that water") is a lion-like Wesen first mentioned in "Once We Were Gods". Tefnut's name is made up from the roots tef, meaning 'to spit' or 'to be moist' and nu, meaning 'sky' or 'waters'.This not only confirms her status as a goddess of moisture, but also establishes her as a consort and counterpart to her brother, Shu, by also being related to the sky. She represented moisture as a lunar goddess and dryness as a solar goddess. She and her brother and husband, Shu, were created by Atum, Ra or Amun. The Routledge Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, George Hart, The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt, Wilkinson, page. In ancient Egyptian religion and mythology, Tefnut (also spelled Tefenet) was the goddess of moisture and rainfall. 1. In order to prevent the land of Egypt from shriveling up, she keeps it moist. She was usually depicted as a woman bent over Earth with her head in the West and feet in the East. She was one of the oldest and most important deities, being a goddess of water and moisture in a desert civilation. She was known as Tphenis to the ancient Greeks. In her fully or semi anthropomorphic form, she is depicted wearing a wig, topped either with a uraeus serpent, or a uraeus and solar disk, and she is sometimes depicted as a lion headed serpent. When she returned (bringing the inundation with her) she visited each town in Egypt and there was much celebration and rejoicing throughout the land. Tefnut was an early predynastic deity and was worshiped as part of a system of gods in the ancient Egyptian city of Heliopolis. She and her brother and husband, Shu, were created by Atum, Ra or Amun. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. Wadjet (Wadjyt, Wadjit, Uto, Uatchet, Edjo, Buto) was one of the oldest Egyptian goddesses. General description. Unlike most Egyptian gods and goddess , including Tefnut's brother, Tefnut Goddess has no single ideograph or symbol. Hyetokinesis: As the Goddess of Rain, she has absolute control and divine authority over rain, as well sh… She left Egypt for Nubia taking all of the water and moisture with her. Atum names Shu as Life and Tefnut as Maat (Truth, Justice, Order)." Her name itself is related to water - tf … At the end of the string is a pendant, a symbol representing the goddess: a lion. Created by Atum, she produced Geb and Nut from a union with Shu, the god of air. She was known as both the left (moon), and right (sun): 'Eyes of Ra.' 183. [4], Like most Egyptian deities, including her brother, Tefnut has no single ideograph or symbol. The text states; “Tefen and Tefnut have weighed Unas and Ma’at has listened, and Shu has born witness.” However, Tefen seems to have disappeared into obscurity (one of the scorpions who accompanied Isis was called Tefen, but this may be a coincidence) and Tefnut’s role changed somewhat as time progressed, although she retained her connection with Ma’at. Goddess of Rain, Air, Moisture, Weather, Dew, Lions, Fertility, and Water. Tefnut 's name in hieroglyphics consists of 4 single phonogram symbols t-f-n-t. Tefnut is the Egyptian goddess of rain, dew, moisture, and moist air. She can be depicted as a lioness or a lioness-headed human figure. [14] As a lioness she could display a wrathful aspect and is said to have escaped to Nubia in a rage, jealous of her grandchildren's higher worship. Married to her brother, … This Tefnut prayer bead bracelet consists of twelve beads, a reminder of the twelve parts of the Duat, the world of the Egyptian afterlife. [13], Tefnut was connected with other leonine goddesses as the Eye of Ra. Tefnut, a female Goa'uld, was known as an Egyptian water goddess. The Egyptian God Shu and his sister-wife Tefnut were the first children of the creator god Ra. She was mainly in charge of moisture, but was also responsible for Order, Time, Justice, Heaven and Hell. Created by Atum, Tefnut is the twin sister of Shu, with whom she consorted to produce the Earth and Sky ().At some point she appears to have married a very obscure God named Tefen, of whom nothing is known whatsoever.. Nowadays she drifts around making dew and keeps everything fresh. Shu (Egyptian for "emptiness" and "he who rises up") was one of the primordial Egyptian gods, spouse and brother to goddess Tefnut, and one of the nine deities of the Ennead of the Heliopolis cosmogony. Tefnut was the Ancient Egyptian Goddess of Moisture. She was known as both the left (moon) and the right (sun) “Eyes of Ra” and represented moisture (as a lunar goddess) and dryness (or the absence of moisture, as a solar goddess). Tefnut is an extremely powerful goddess, being one of the primordial Egyptian gods. Shu symbolizes dry air and the force of preservation. Tefnut (tfnwt) is a deity of moisture, moist air, dew and rain in Ancient Egyptian religion. This version contains a play on words, the tef sound which forms the first syllable of the name Tefnut also constitutes a word meaning "to spit" or "to expectorate". For at the top of the universal order stood a goddess, a teenage girl goddess who was often represented as a pair of twins, Ma'at. The Egyptian Goddess Tefnut In the creation myth Ra embraced his shadow, and put his seed into his own mouth then spat out the newly formed Shu and Tefnut. Tefnut was the ancient Egyptian goddess of water and fertility. Tefnut was one of thirty nine gods and goddess's of ancient Egypt that played a special role in the mythological history of ancient Egypt as well as the core of ancient Egyptian religion. Tefnut was generally depicted as a lioness or a woman with a lion’s head. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. Many times she has the head of a lioness or is shown as one. Let’s take a closer look at her story. In Ancient Egyptian religion, Tefnut, transliterated tfnt (tefenet) is a goddess of moisture, moist air, dew and rain. She shared this role with a number of other goddesses including Sekhmet, Hathor, Mut, Bast, Isis, Wadjet, and Nekhbet. She is the wife and sister of Shu, the god of light and air. Tefnut symbolizes moist or corrosive air that brings about change, creating the concept of time. Ancient Egypt was a land of rich farmland, vast grasslands and savannah when Tefnut was a popular Goddess. She was known as Tphenis to the ancient Greeks. - Tefnut and Shu the air god, started duality and the sexual cycle began in the universe - Tefnut was the first female to have sex, and the first mother giving birth to Geb the earth god, and Nut the goddess of the sky - Together the four members of this cosmic family, made up the quartet of major elements of the universe: earth, air, sky and water She is the daughter of the primeval god Atum - Ra. Faulkner, line 2065 Utt. Tefnut (Tefenet, Tefnet) was an ancient Egyptian goddess of moisture, but was strongly associated with both the moon and the sun. [9], During the 18th and 19th Dynasties, particularly during the Amarna period, Tefnut was depicted in human form wearing a low flat headdress, topped with sprouting plants. Tefnut ("That Water") is the Goddess of moisture, moist air, dew, and … Tefnut, literally “moist waters,” was the Egyptian goddess of water and fertility. At Heliopolis, Tefnut was one of the members of that city's great Ennead,[9] and is referred to in relation to the purification of the wabet (priest) as part of the temple rite. She is also the older sister of Sekhmet, Hathor, and Bastet. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. The offspring of these two are Nut, the sky and Geb, … She was sometimes depicted as a celestial cow. Less often, she was depicted as a woman. During the reign of Akenaten when many of the old gods were rejected, Tefnut and Shu remained in favour and Akhenaten and Nefertiti were often depicted as the twin lion gods. A Tefnut (TEF-nut; Anc. Although she was believed to be originated from the solar origin, she was also associated with the moon. With her brother Shu, she created both Geb and Nut. According to ancient Egyptian mythology, Nut (pronounced “newt”) is the goddess of the sky and heavens. In art she is represent as a woman with head of the lion with Sun disc. Tefnut was the Ancient Egyptian Goddess of Moisture. In the Heliopolitan creation myth, Atum sneezed to produce Tefnut and Shu. Geb was the god of the earth and Nut was the goddess of the sky. In the ancient Egyptian creation myth of Heliopolis, we saw that out of the dark waters of chaos Ra arose and then forged out of his own body his first two children. Tefnut is often depicted in art … She also occasionally took the form of a cobra. She was the twin sister and female counterpart of the air god Shu. This suggests that Atenism was not in fact a monotheistic religion, but a henotheistic solar religion. In some version Shut was sneezed out of his nose and Tefnut was spat out like saliva. Ancient Egypt was a land of rich farmland, vast grasslands and savannah when Tefnut was a popular Goddess. In Shu …and his sister and companion, Tefnut (goddess of moisture), were the first couple of the group of nine gods called the Ennead of Heliopolis. She represented moisture as a lunar goddess and dryness as a solar goddess. Part of the city of Denderah (Iunet) was known as “The House of Tefnut” and she was worshipped in her lion form at Leontopolis (Nay-ta-hut). [7], The Coffin Texts contain references to Shu being sneezed out by Atum from his nose, and Tefnut being spat out like saliva. Tefnut was one of the Ennead, the collective name given to the nine original deities (Gods and Goddesses) of the cosmogony of Heliopolis (the birthplace of the Gods… She is a member of the Ennead of Heliopolis. She was the twin sister and female counterpart of the air god Shu. Legend states that the sun god Ra sneezed and Shu was born, then he cleared his throat and Tefnut was born. (SG1: "Stargate SG-1: The Ultimate Visual Guide") Tefnut on Wikipedia A Tefnut (TEF-nut; Anc. Tefnut (Tefenet, Tefnet) was the lunar goddess of moisture, humidity and water who was also a solar goddess connected with the sun and dryness (more specifically, the absence of moisture). Maat ruled over all the gods in Egypt... "But this hierarchy of gods with the sun-god at the top doesn't quite match the picture exactly. Akhenaten's mother, Tiye was depicted wearing a similar headdress, and identifying with Hathor-Tefnut. She was born of Ra 's spittle, along with her brother Shu with whom she married and mothered the gods Geb and Nut. A cookie which helps me track how many visitors come to my site and what pages they look at. She is an important figure in the Egyptian culture because she was the one that brought rain and prevented drought. In one myth, Tefnut becomes angry with Ra and leaves to Nubia, and takes all the water and moisture of Egypt with her. even while Tefnut was purifying me, and indeed I am a priest, the son of a priest in this temple. [4] In the earlier Pyramid Texts she is said to produce pure waters from her vagina.[15]. Literally translating as "That Water",[2] the name Tefnut has been linked to the verb 'tfn' meaning 'to spit'[3] and versions of the creation myth say that Ra (or Atum) spat her out and her name was written as a mouth spitting in late texts. Tefnut was an early predynastic deity and was worshiped as part of a system of … Tefnut, along with Shu, was the first deity created by Ra. S hu is a male god who is paired with his sister, Tefnut. At times, she was also regarded as a lunar goddess since she influenced the power and cycles of the moon. That myths show that she has powerful control over water and moisture. In every version, Tefnut is the product of parthenogenesis, and all involve some variety of body fluid. Ancient Egyptian Gods: Tefnut, the goddess of moisture. ) above Geb ( the sky and Geb also she is an extremely powerful,... Of rain savannah when Tefnut was spat out like saliva out saliva to form the twins Tefnut Shu. 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