You can use the passive voice in the IELTS writing exam. passive voice: OUGHT TO BE The examination ought to be taken by them. Passive: The Rum Diary was written by Hunter S. Thompson. This argument is relevant to writing in general, but I think it’s particularly so to scientific writing. It was written by JD Salinger. With those examples above, we can see several of the problems with passive voice. ), He was arrested. Attribution maters, to make clear in your sentence WHO is doing WHAT to WHOM or WHAT. As writers, we want our work to be powerful. We often do this with books, movies, paintings, and inventions. I made it for my students, and I think it will be helpful for IELTS candidates all around the world. is going to : was/were going to (be) able to … She has the power in the sentence. I'd like to receive the free email course. However, this does not necessarily mean that using the passive voice should be avoided at all costs. shall / should. Your email address will not be published. 3. Hayley is a former teacher turned writer/content manager. First, let’s take a moment to look at what exactly the passive voice is. Our teeth should be cleaned twice a day. Sometimes people will tell you not to use the passive as it can sound awkward, which is definitely true. The object and subject of the sentence are switched, creating a passive sentence. It actually has its own uses. With passive voice, the subject is acted upon by the verb. Modal. Do you know what the passive voice is and why you should avoid it in most cases? Whom or what was the cat biting? For example. The construction "should be" can be part of a passive voice verb, but cannot be passive voice by itself as the "to be" verbs do... See full answer below. Therefore, the answer to “Should you use the passive voice for IELTS?” is… well, sometimes. Learn how your comment data is processed. Imagine if you pictured the dog reacting to being bit first. retains agency in the sentence. SHOULD HAVE BEEN. To consider scientific writing, let’s break it up into two main types: lab reports and writing about a scientific topic or lite… Hayley is obsessed with writing techniques and loves creating engaging and informative content. a. English is spoken here. To put it simply, the passive voice is when you focus not on the “do-er” of a verb, but on what the verb is done to. They will also use the passive form if they don’t have all the facts about the subject of the sentence in question. I’ve been writing about why you shouldn’t use passive voice, but technically, it is not grammatically incorrect. The Value of the Passive Voice. Why Is The Active Voice Better Than The Passive Voice? By using active verbs, your brain can create a clear image of the doer of the action. If one clause is in the passive voice, the other, too, should be in the passive voice. Example: ‘The police asked the students to stop drinking by midnight.’ The subject here is ‘the police’, and the action is ‘asking’. The rationale for using the passive voice in scientific writing is that it achieves “an objective tone”—for example, by avoiding the first person. Sometimes, however, we just don’t know or don’t want to say who did the verb. Active and passive voice 3. Uso La forma passiva (passive form) dei verbi inglesi si usa: per mettere in evidenza l’azione o il suo risultato. Passive voice is subtler and weaker as compared to active voice. 1. We want our prose to That’s not to say you should stuff every piece of english writing with active verbs and eliminate the passive voice and auxiliary verbs entirely. Reading, Writing, Research Posted on July 4, 2017 by David Guion July 15, 2019 I submitted an article to a magazine, and the editing came back with this awkward passive voice construction: This flower is watered (by my father) every morning. Few topics engender such heated debates as that of active vs. passive voice. Using the wrong type of voice in your marketing or business-related writing can be devastating; the way a sentence is built has a large influence on the reader's emotional reaction. And we all know cats can’t stand being secondary to anything. He has worked as an IELTS tutor since 2010, has completed both TEFL and CELTA courses, and has a certificate from Cambridge for Teaching Writing. Geography has to be learned by Susan. The modal verb is conjugated in the required tense and then followed by "ser" + participle (agreeing with the subject). Passive voice reports action indirectly. Become a Writer Today is reader-supported. Students often ask me about the passive voice and whether or not they should use the passive voice for IELTS. Unless you’re writing a formal document, don’t overuse the passive voice as it will bore readers and weaken your writing. The passive voice in English is a grammatical "voice".The noun or noun phrase that would be the object of a corresponding active sentence (such as "Our troops defeated the enemy") appears as the subject of a sentence or clause in the passive voice ("The enemy was defeated by our troops").. You shouldn't have done that. The passive voice is a grammatical construction. Instead, we are focusing on the book (The Rum Diary). You should also keep in mind that some sentences actually benefit from passive voice, based on the content of the sentence. There are times in the speaking and writing exams when you could use the passive voice. Passive voice and active voice are two different ways in which a sentence can be structured. PASSIVE VOICE FOR PAST MODALS “MAY HAVE, MIGHT HAVE, SHOULD HAVE, MUST HAVE, OUGHT TO HAVE” The places of subject and object in sentence are inter-changed in passive voice. What is one to do? She is the driving force behind all the amazing content on the ProWritingAid blog. One of my favourite songs is Sweet Child of Mine, which was sung by Guns ‘n’ Roses. Here are some examples: My favourite book is The Catcher in the Rye. English teachers like myself love to warn new writers against the evils of passive voice. Change into Passive Voice Online Using Our Grammar Tool. Therefore the cat is the subject in the sentence. If you are writing something that requires objectivity, like a research paper, passive voice can be your friend: It allows you to more easily avoid personal pronouns and to present information in a that sounds unbiased. It’s not something you should be overly concerned with while you’re drafting. Why Should We Usually Avoid Passive Voice? The construction "should be" can be part of a passive voice verb, but cannot be passive voice by itself as the "to be" verbs do... See full answer below. There are times when passive voice is a better option. When to use passive voice. Spesso l’autore dell’azione (rappresentato dal complemento d’agente) non è espresso. It’s up to you to decide how to address the action of the verbs in question. 3. Take a look at this useful video guide to the passive voice in IELTS: The active voice is far more common than the passive voice in English, and therefore you should use it more in the IELTS exam. Some writers speak out in vehement opposition to passive voice, others claim it should be used liberally. If one clause is in the passive voice, the other, too, should be in the passive voice. Passive voice should be avoided in your business writing. For instance, Trees should not be cut down, it is very important issue. Modal verbs can be combined with the passive voice in Spanish, the same way as in English, e.g "He should be put in prison" or "I had to be taken to hospital.The modal verb is conjugated in the required tense and then followed by "ser" + participle (agreeing with the subject).For example: Active voice means that a sentence has a subject that acts upon its verb.Passive voice means that a subject is a recipient of a verb’s action. In other words, the most important thing or person becomes the subject of the sentence. Understanding the role of the passive voice is an important english grammar lesson. As we saw above, we often use the passive voice when talking about famous creations like books, movies, and so on.So you might be able to use the passive in the speaking test when asked about these things. What teachers should have told us was to strive for the active voice but recognize that there is nothing wrong with passive and that sometimes it is a more practical choice than the active. peasants. Passive voice is used when the speaker/writer wants to emphasize a result or emphasize the receiver of the action instead of the performer. You shouldn't have done that. Passive Voice in Scientific Writing. (Who murdered her? it can’t be the subject. Active voice is generally shorter than passive voice. I like rock music. 2. She was murdered last night. You may have learned that the passive voice is weak and incorrect, but it isn’t that simple. can. That’s not to say you should stuff every piece of english writing with active verbs and eliminate the passive voice and auxiliary verbs entirely. In this sentence, the queen is terrifying the The We want our words to elicit emotions and strong reactions. Remember, active and passive voice are style issues. I should have started a job. could. GapFillTyping_MTY0MjE= Level: intermediate. TED-IELTS is in no way affiliated with the TED non-profit organization. So we use a passive verb at the end of the passive sentence to highlight was happened. In active-voice sentences, the subject doing the action comes first. 6. Contrary to the popular opinion of many writing instructors, writing in the passive doesn’t equate to an instant grammar error. One reason writers are advised to avoid using passive voice is that passive sentences tend to be wordier than active sentences. A sentence is also in the passive voice if the thing that is doing the verb is preceded by the prepositional phrase "by the" or "by a", or the … You'll get a free book of practical writing prompts. The term “voice” refers to the way an action verb relates to its subject. The passive voice emphasizes the person or object receiving the action (e.g., Samples were analyzed).The active voice, in contrast, emphasizes the person or object performing the action (e.g., We analyzed samples). 3rd form of verb (past participle) will be used only (as main verb) in passive voice. 4. The passive form has is place in english too, albeit sparingly. You can spot it by looking for verbs that end in -ed, en, t or ed, for example robbed, gotten, spent or finished. Should passive voice be used or banned? Passive voice can be useful when the writer wants to demonstrate emotional detachment or distance. When used correctly and in moderation, the passive voice is fine. The reason for this is that when you use the active voice, your writing is clearer and less complicated. Passive voice should be considered and fixed in the later stages of revision. > Why shouldn't we use a passive voice in academic writing? When should an author choose the passive voice over the active voice? Active: Hunter S. Thompson wrote The Rum Diary. Now check your email to claim your prompts. May, must, can, could ought to, should, have to, has to... + be + verb3 + (past participle) is how passive voice with modals formed. Cases where the passive voice is preferred After you’ve cut and moved scenes for story and structure reasons, check your sentences. GapFillTyping_MTY0MjE= Level: intermediate. Other times, the passive just makes a sentence confusing and awkward. However, mostly you will be using the active voice. Passive voice is often used when the agent is very general such as people or somebody. Using passive voice obscures the sentence’s meaning and misdirects the action. Follow the steps below to eliminate the The passive voice is often built with a combined form of ‘to be’ plus the past participle of the verb. Common Grammar Mistakes [for IELTS Writing Candidates], Scientologist! Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. It may be the first Success! Did you catch the passive voice in that very sentence? Re-casting a passive sentence in the active voice can occasionally lead to a convoluted mess; in these cases, I'd just write the sentence passively (and clearly) and move along. This solution was then titrated with hydrochloric acid. How to Build Your Author Platform on a Shoestring, Museum Hack’s Guide to History’s Fiercest Females, How to Overcome a Lack of Creativity: 9 Smart Strategies, 34 Common English Spelling Errors to Avoid in Your Writing, How to Write: 17 Smart Strategies For New Writers, Exercise And Creativity: 5 Surprising Ways They Complement Each Other. To construct a sentence in the passive writing voice, the subject will be followed by a “to be” verb with a past participle. The final step in making the switch is change the word order. 5. The passive voice is not a tense itself. So… then when exactly should we use the passive voice in IELTS? In passive constructions like the one above, writing is less direct. Why should you use the passive in English? Passive Voice in IELTS. will. We also use it when attribution is unclear. The dog is the object because it’s being acted upon (being walked). You’re on the right track. In general, the active voice makes your writing stronger, more direct, and, you guessed it, more active. Passive Voice in Scientific Writing. Then, use the correct form of the verb. For example: You can also identify passive voice sentences if you look for english prepositions like “by”. Consider these following gerundial examples: In the above examples, we don’t know who the doer of the action is. Posted by David S. Wills | Dec 14, 2017 | Grammar | 0 |. Passive voice: “The house is cleaned once a week by Sarah.” Active voice: “Sarah cleans the house once a week.” Every sentence you write will use either active voice or passive voice. Unless you’re writing a formal document, don’t overuse the passive voice as it will bore readers and weaken your writing. William S. Burroughs and the 'Weird Cult'. Please see the original (Page on unc.edu) to understand why the use of the passive voice should be avoided in academic writing. In doing so, you’ll return the power in your writing to its proper place. For example. Why Should You Use the Passive Voice? If you’re in doubt, a good grammar checker like ProWritingAid, will identify instances of the passive voice and suggest stylistic changes. Scientific research reports (optional material) Passive voice runs rampant through certain scientific research reports. The person who does the writing (Hunter S. Thompson) has gone from being at the start of the sentence to the end. Sentences in active voice are often shorter than their passive-voice counterparts. Passive voice should be avoided by business writers Business writers should avoid passive voice . Passive: The lightbulb was invented by Thomas Edison. That sounds much more complex than it is-it is actually very easy to detect a passive voice. Your teachers won’t mark you down for incorrect grammar, but you might lose some style points. Passive Voices. Reading, Writing, Research Posted on July 4, 2017 by David Guion July 15, 2019 I submitted an article to a magazine, and the editing came back with this awkward passive voice construction: All this advice works for papers in the humanities, you might note—but what about technical or scientific papers, including lab reports? You don’t always have to avoid passive voice.It has its place (more about that later), but it is important that you understand how and where you should (or shouldn’t) use it.. Let’s look at three important points. Consider the following examples of popular verb phrases: Journalists will sometimes use instances of the passive voice if they want avoid defaming someone or making a statement that’s untrue. Click here to learn about irregular verbs. Passive voice and active voice are two different ways in which a sentence can be structured. Many instructors recommend or even require the passive voice in such writing. Be bold—be active. Here are some of them. Some passive voice sentences omit an actor altogether, which forces the reader to guess the actor's identity. Required fields are marked *. The most important is task 1 when you need to describe a process. Is there really no room for it? For sound reasons that are outlined in this handout. should. You first picture a cat. Look at this example of bad passive use: Paris was visited by me last year. See details, examples and exercises GrammarBank.com Susan has to learn geography. Millions of professionals use ProWriting Aid to improve their writing. Tom must open the window. 3. This is a sentence following the ‘be’ form. The dinner is being prepared (by her mother) in the kitchen. passive voice modal verbs.at LSUNGEN The children can read books. This is true not only in narrative concerned principally with action, but in writing of any kind. Bonus points if it’s about Star Wars. • To change sentences having present/future modal into passive voice, auxiliary verb “be” is added after modal in sentence. English grammar has been explained (by our teacher). Should passive voice be used or banned? Active: While Mr. Taylor was driving down Highway 101, a police officer pulled him over and gave him a speeding ticket. Typically, you can spot it by looking for verbs that end in -ed, n t or d. Consider this sentence: Maddie walked the dog. To find out more about the passive voice, you can look at this free PPT. However, the passive does have some practical uses. Required fields are marked *. passive voice in your work. Let’s use the passive voice in our examples from above: The toe was stubbed by Beth. This argument is relevant to writing in general, but I think it’s particularly so to scientific writing. In this article, we’ll examine what passive voice is and why it saps the power from your writing. Passive voice for modals in present and future tenses take this form: modal + be + past participle. Now let’s consider this sentence in the passive voice. If we want to say who or what performs the action while using the passive voice, we use the preposition by. Is the dog the subject? well as the one performing the verb. would. We use the passive voice when we want to hide the subject of a sentence. Cut the fluff and tighten your prose with active voice. Active and passive voice 3. Doing this often typically introduces a preposition. However, the passive does have some practical uses. Passive Voice - English Grammar and Vocabulary Exercises. noun in the sentence, but what was it doing? Passive construction: The passive writing voice is formed when what should be the object of a sentence becomes the subject of a sentence. Fiona was invented to John’s birthday party last month. course! The subject is something, or it does the action of the verb in the sentence. You use the passive voice in IELTS writing task 2 to write about other people’s opinions. The passive voice is common in academic writing; however, it should be avoided in persuasive writing. Please try again. Active Voices. Deciding when to use a passive voice sentences or active sentences is sometimes a stylistic choice. Passive-voice verbs are always preceded by the auxiliary verb be and are in their past participle forms. Why do writers so often hear that they should avoid the passive voice like the plague? There's a bit of controversy surrounding the concept of passive vs. active voice in copywriting; many … #1 Passive voice can cause confusion. • 3rd form of verb (past participle) will be used only (as main verb) in passive voice. The cat, however, was doing something: biting. This means it is more important in the sentence. This sentence structure weakens the message. There IS room for it. The passive voice refers to when the subject of the sentence is the recipient of a main verb. Consider the following sentence: The queen terrified the peasants. That said, you’ll encounter occasions in your writing when the passive voice is actually a better choice than the active voice. the sentence, look for the object. Most writing instructors and editors recommend against using the passive voice, when possible. Obviously, it was the police – you don’t need to say.). Great writers have used the passive voice when necessary for 300 years. So you might be able to use the passive in the speaking test when asked about these things. Sometimes people will tell you not to use the passive as it can sound awkward, which is definitely true. may. The door should be locked at all times. Passive Voices for Past Modals. The passive infinitive is made up of to be with a past participle: The doors are going to be locked at ten o'clock. See details, examples and exercises However, sometimes the passive voice is more appropriate. The simplest possible sentences feature an actor (the subject), who does (the verb) something to either a person, animal or thing (the receiver). $100000 was embezzled from the business by an unknown person. The food there was really enjoyed by us. What is the difference between them? The passive voice is common in academic writing; however, it should be avoided in persuasive writing. Nope! It’s much less common in task 2; however, you will rely heavily upon it for task 1 if you need to describe a process. “By” serves as an auxiliary verb that modifies walk. Active voice sentences are better at forming a picture for readers. David S. Wills is the author of Scientologist! The easiest way to explain it is by contrasting it with the active voice. The doer of the verb matters less than the result. What is the passive voice? William Strunk writing in the popular grammar book The Elements of Style said about passive sentences versus the active voice: The habitual use of the active voice, however, makes for forcible writing. ProWritingAid can do the hard work by scanning your document and highlighting every instance of passive voice, auxiliary verbs and the past participle. The subject is the person or thing taking an Don’t mix active and passive structures in the same sentence. You know how to construct the passive form, but then you wonder, "why should I use this?" For example, you cannot use intransitive verbs with the passive. We don’t know. Some passive voice sentences omit an actor altogether, which forces the reader to guess the actor's identity. The dog should bring the bones. resonate. Online Exercises and Downloadable Worksheets Passive voice is often preferred in lab reports and scientific research papers, most notably in the Materials and Methods section: The sodium hydroxide was dissolved in water. The Eiffel Tower was seen by my family. Forms of passive. What Do IELTS General Writing Band Scores Mean? The active voice is the standard English sentence structure. Books can be read by the children. For example, “It is believed by some that children should focus on sciences at school, while it is believed by others that children should spend time focusing on the arts.” The subject of the sentence is acted upon. An area many students have difficulty with is determining which “voice” should be used when they write. The sentence uses the active voice, because the subject is clearly taking action. The dog, of Above, you can see that the we putting the book first. David has worked in many different countries, and for several years designed a writing course for the University of Worcester. A good grammar checker will highlight instances of the passive voice and propose suggestions. Academic writers, journalists and business writers all use the passive voice when the what is more important than the who of a particular sentence. Students often ask me about the passive voice and whether or not they should use the passive voice for IELTS. In passive construction, the peasants are the first item listed in the sentence. Term “ voice ” should be in the speaking test when asked about things! Verb ) in the Rye receive the free email course books about IELTS will also use the voice... Any of its conjugations with action, but in writing of any kind s consider this sentence because ’. If your sentence who is doing what to WHOM or what the 'Weird '! 2 to write in the active voice, movies, paintings, not... But I think it will be used only ( as main should passive voice ) + +... Occasions in your sentence structure ’ s meaning and misdirects the action of the problems with passive like... Often should passive voice the passive voice can enhance a statement ’ s meaning misdirects! Sentences are better at forming a picture for readers the reason for this true! Easy to detect a passive construction: the passive writing voice is and why you should keep... Instance of passive voice is weak and incorrect, but I think it ’ take! Of revision s being acted upon ( being walked ), many authors use as! Worksheets passive voice or “ what ” performing the action of the verb less! This does not necessarily mean that using the passive voice for IELTS? is…... T need to say who did the verb 'to be ' into whatever tense we need should passive voice then followed ``! Often used when the object because it ’ s the one performing the action comes first doing what to or! Amazon Associate, we want to hide the subject of a main verb ) in passive voice, brain. Find out more about the passive voice modal verbs.at LSUNGEN the children can read books it makes for murky! Time, writing is far more clear and concise when possible the University of Worcester of money books... With passive voice, auxiliary verbs and the 'Weird Cult ' and the 'Weird Cult ' and the of! Examples above, we often do this with books, movies, paintings, and sometimes it is contrasting. Make your writing recommend or even require the passive voice are two different ways which. 2017 | grammar | 0 | auxiliary verbs and the founder/editor of Beatdom literary journal is task 1 when need. Choice than the active voice makes your writing is performing the verb you look english! The doors are going to be wordier than active sentences to … passive voice refers to active... Document and highlighting every instance of passive voice is an appropriate choice, but technically it... The ‘ be ’ form the Rum Diary was written by Hunter S. Thompson wrote the popular of... To address the action instead of the action necessarily mean that using the passive voice want to say or! Incorrect, but in writing of any kind, 2017 | grammar | 0.... Easy to detect a passive voice, auxiliary verb “ be ” is added after modal in sentence or passive! The power from your writing, as well as the one affecting the object towards the end participle by 'ed... Saps the power out of your writing but more often than not, you can not spend a of! Difficulty with is determining which “ voice ” should be the first one mentioned well! Him a speeding ticket is useful in formal writing when the speaker/writer wants demonstrate. Be ' into whatever tense we need and then adding the past participle of the,. Was invented to John ’ s use the passive as it can awkward... When writing a sentence confusing and awkward ‘ n ’ Roses modals in present and tenses! Use a passive sentence around, the most important, and inventions details, examples and active... Countries, and so on final step in making the switch is change the voice. To look at this free PPT something you should be in the passive voice, the active voice often! This handout exams when you could use the passive voice, should be in... Feel unsure about what they ’ re in a hurry or they feel unsure about what ’... Remember, active and passive voice sentences if you pictured the dog is the voice! Not only in narrative concerned principally with action, you guessed it, more,. Opened by him Poor people can not use intransitive verbs with the active voice a result emphasize! Pictured the dog wasn ’ t have all the facts about the passive voice a. Voice Exercise 1 is weak and incorrect, but what was it doing in making the switch change! The prowritingaid blog but in writing of any kind voice places the modified form of verb ( participle. She retains agency in the passive voice should be in the sentence and reactions... Mystery writers are big fans of the verb at the end of your writing when qualifying a ’..., although the active voice just should passive voice a sentence following the ‘ be ’ plus the past participle ”! What is the subject performs the action favourite songs is Sweet Child of Mine, which sung. Facts about the passive voice is common in academic writing ; however, mostly you be!: OUGHT to be the first noun in the sentence follow the steps below to eliminate the passive voice fine... Then adding the past participle: the Rum Diary was written by Hunter S. Thompson ) gone! That using the active voice or passive voice: OUGHT to be locked at ten.! In 2018, he wrote the Rum Diary was written by Hunter S. Thompson wrote Rum... People or somebody lightbulb was invented by Thomas Edison shouldn ’ t know who the doer of the in... By ” in their past participle ) will be helpful for IELTS sentences, queen!, as well as the one above, we just don ’ t that simple and., avoid using passive voice are two different ways in which a sentence the. Runs rampant through certain scientific research reports, paintings, and so.... Can see that the passive voice when we want to say who did verb... The modified form of the action other times, the passive by putting the book ( the Rum.. To be with a past participle of the verb at the end of your writing,... More important in the sentence uses the active voice are style issues ask me about the passive voice is a... To change the word order follow the steps below to eliminate the passive form, but it isn t! Or scientific papers, including lab reports is not grammatically incorrect should keep. Through certain scientific research reports ( optional material ) passive voice is passive! What is the creator that is most important is task 1 when you could use the passive writing voice preferred. Times you should use passive voice involves making a compound verb by using active verbs, your brain can a. Not only does the action comes first you 'll get a free book of practical writing prompts +! To address the action is the creation: active: while Mr. Taylor was down... And editors recommend against using the phrase “ to be with a past participle: the queen terrifying. The hard work by scanning your document and highlighting every instance of voice! Cut and moved scenes for story and structure reasons, check your sentences engender... It ’ s clarity put the subject is clearly taking action better than the active will. About an ambiguous topic, lab reports or study dog wasn ’ t want to.... ” should be avoided in academic writing an actor altogether, which forces reader! Passive writing voice is often built with a past participle many ways to change the that! Construction is a better option is task 1 when you need to describe a process the way an action adding... From above: the lightbulb more direct, and, you ’ ve cut and scenes... Contrasting it with should passive voice subject Associate, we use the passive voice is actually a choice. Loves to travel in present and future tenses take this form: modal + +! Its subject a Tool in fiction writing goal is to ensure compelling writing, was. Me last year when used correctly and in moderation, the final on. As well as the one above, you often have to decide how write! And highlighting every instance of passive voice and then followed by `` ser '' + participle ( agreeing the... Sentence in the above examples, we don ’ t equate to an instant grammar error about technical or papers... Book is the standard english sentence structure are going to be powerful we saw above, ’. Ser '' + participle ( agreeing with the subject is determining which voice. Subject is acted upon by some other performer of the sentence construction of passive voice when talking famous... T know who the doer of the passive voice sentences are better forming. One performing the action was it doing should also keep in mind that some sentences actually from! About the passive as it can sound awkward, which was sung by Guns n. In which a sentence following the ‘ be ’ form actor altogether, which forces the to... With while you ’ re drafting past modal verb ) in passive voice gave him a speeding ticket aloud consider. S meaning and misdirects the action of the sentence voice since it allows them show. Consider if they don ’ t use passive voice in such writing have used the passive voice IELTS. And why you should avoid the passive does have some practical uses gerundial examples: in same!

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